Sand Flies (Leishmaniasis)
Your Pet Dog needs protection, otherwise it can be in serious danger Dogs that regularly travel abroad may be exposed to Leishmaniasis (also known as Kala-Azar) which is carried from dog-to-dog by a bite from a Sand Fly.
The name ‘Sand Fly’ is misleading as the Sand Fly’s natural habitat is in wooded and garden areas.
Dogs can be bitten up to 100 times an hour during the sand fly season which begins in May and ends in October. August is the worst month. The flies are mainly active between dusk and dawn. Early morning, 2 to 4am, is the worst period. They are not high flyers so your dog is better off in an upper room or flat at night. Fitting a preventative collar will protect your pet from approximately 95% of sand flies bites for the whole season. Dogs left out in the garden as security guards are particularly at risk.
It is thought that there may be very rare suspected cases of the disease being passed to humans; this is currently being research by the World Health Authority.
Prevention: The best preventative treatment up to now is , “INTERVET” invented a year ago and based on mosquito repellents It is impregnated into a very effective collar called “SCALIBOR”
Please note, this collar lasts for one season ( 6 months ) only and needs replacing each 6 months. Do not let children play with the collar, we have also found the smell somewhat unpleasant. The collar should be washed evry moth with soapy water.
See your Vet about a collar before you travel to Spain. Mosquito repellents, sprays and some mosquito nets etc help to keep them out of the house.
These flies are very tiny.
Things that the owner can do to prevent are:
Keep the dog inside the house when the sun starts to set, and keep toilet breaks short before bedtime.
Don’t give night walks where water runs Use of mosquito nets to keep flies out of the house.
There have been very few cases of Leishmaniasis “Kala-Azar” in Spain. When they occur they can be fatal if not treated.