One of the most popular games to play with any young dog is tug-of-war, in fact there are tug toys available in pet shops that are designed to give both the human and the dog their own end to hold.
These games are invariably won by the dog.
It is we who usually allow them to win, because we admire the tenacity and dedication they putr into the game, despite what we see as our superior strength.
Similarly, rough and tumble games are great fun to play, until the youngster starts to get a bit aggressive and then we give up before it gets out of hand. Being a prefator and part of a hunting unit, the instinct not to get injured is very much to the fore. It is for this reason that all dominance/ submissive levels are decided through play.
To teach a young dog that to growl, pull and preserve brings the reward of winning; or to engage upon a rough and tumble andf then to give up, are not the lessons that we should be teaching him. They are certainly not the games that we should allow him to win.
Winning at strength ï¿½gamesï¿½ implies a higher rank than we humans perceive!
Extracted from Dog Behaviour and Training by David the Dogman (Book 2)