The History and Characteristics of Pekingese Dogs

Introduction: The Pekingese Dog

The Pekingese dog, also known as the Lion Dog or Pelchie Dog, is a small and distinctive breed of toy dog that originated in China. They are known for their flat, wrinkly faces, luxurious coats, and regal demeanor. Despite their small size, Pekingese dogs have a bold and confident attitude and are considered loyal and affectionate pets.

Origin and History of the Pekingese Dog

The Pekingese is a very ancient breed with a rich history that dates back over 2,000 years. They were originally bred in China as companions and guard dogs for the imperial family and were considered sacred animals. In fact, it was a crime punishable by death for anyone other than a member of the imperial family to own or breed Pekingese dogs.

The breed was first introduced to the Western world in the late 19th century when the British looted the Imperial Palace during the Second Opium War in 1860. The Pekingese quickly became popular in Europe and America and were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906. Today, the Pekingese remains a beloved and popular breed around the world.

Physical Characteristics of Pekingese Dogs

Pekingese are small dogs that typically weigh between 7-14 pounds and stand 6-9 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a distinctive, flat-featured face with a short, broad muzzle, large, round eyes, and a wrinkled forehead. Their heavy, dense coat comes in a variety of colors, including black, red, cream, and fawn.

Pekingese dogs have a stocky, muscular build and a distinctive rolling gait due to their bowed legs. Their tails are typically carried high over their backs in a tight curl.

Temperament and Personality of Pekingese Dogs

Pekingese dogs are known for their independent and somewhat stubborn personalities. They are loyal and devoted to their owners but can be reserved or even aloof with strangers. Despite their small size, they have a fearless and confident attitude and are not afraid to stand up to larger dogs or even humans.

Pekingese dogs can be good with children, but they may not tolerate rough play or overly loud noises. They can also become jealous or possessive of their owners and may not get along with other pets in the household. Early socialization and training can help to ensure that Pekingese dogs develop a friendly and well-behaved temperament.

Training and Exercise Needs of Pekingese Dogs

Pekingese dogs are not particularly active and do not require a lot of exercise. A daily walk and some playtime indoors or in a fenced yard is usually sufficient to keep them healthy and happy.

Training a Pekingese dog can be a challenge as they can be stubborn and independent-minded. Positive reinforcement techniques and plenty of patience and consistency are recommended. Pekingese dogs are intelligent and can learn a variety of commands and tricks.

Grooming and Care for Pekingese Dogs

Pekingese dogs require regular grooming to keep their long, dense coats looking their best. Weekly brushing and occasional bathing are necessary to prevent matting and keep their skin and coat healthy.

Their facial wrinkles should also be cleaned regularly to prevent infection or irritation. Pekingese dogs are prone to dental problems, so regular teeth brushing and dental checkups are important.

Health Issues Common to Pekingese Dogs

Pekingese dogs are prone to a variety of health problems, including respiratory issues, eye problems, and dental issues. They can also be prone to skin allergies and joint problems. Regular veterinary checkups and preventative care are important to ensure that Pekingese dogs stay healthy and happy.

Pekingese Dogs in Pop Culture and Society

The Pekingese dog has been a popular breed in pop culture for many years, appearing in movies, TV shows, and even cartoons. They are often portrayed as regal and dignified animals, befitting their royal origins in China.

In addition, Pekingese dogs have been owned by many famous people over the years, including Queen Victoria, Elizabeth Taylor, and Shirley Temple.

Famous People who Owned Pekingese Dogs

Queen Victoria was a famous Pekingese owner and helped to popularize the breed in England. She owned several Pekingese, including one named Looty that was given to her as a gift from a British soldier during the Second Opium War.

Elizabeth Taylor was also a Pekingese lover and owned several throughout her life. She was even buried with one of her beloved Pekingese dogs by her side.

Conclusion: Why Pekingese Dogs Make Great Pets

Despite their stubborn and independent personalities, Pekingese dogs are loyal and affectionate pets that make great companions for the right owners. They are small and adaptable, making them ideal for apartment or city living. They are also low-maintenance when it comes to exercise and grooming, making them a good choice for busy families or individuals. With proper training, socialization, and care, a Pekingese dog can be a loving and devoted member of the family for many years to come.

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