Introduction: Shikoku Island
Shikoku Island is the smallest of Japan’s four main islands, located in the southwest of the country. Despite its size, Shikoku is full of natural beauty and cultural treasures that make it a hidden gem for travelers seeking a unique and authentic experience in Japan. From ancient temples and shrines to stunning mountain and seaside landscapes, Shikoku offers a diverse range of attractions for tourists to explore.
History of Shikoku Island
Shikoku has a rich history dating back to ancient times, with many important events and figures contributing to its cultural heritage. During the Edo period, Shikoku was known for its thriving pilgrimage industry, attracting many visitors who sought spiritual enlightenment and healing at the island’s numerous temples and hot springs. Today, Shikoku is still home to some of Japan’s most revered temples, such as the 88 Temple Pilgrimage, which attracts thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year.
The Culture and Customs of Shikoku
Shikoku Island has a unique culture and customs that reflect its long history and natural environment. The island’s people are known for their traditional folk arts, such as papermaking, pottery, and woodworking, which have been passed down through generations. Shikoku is also famous for its culinary traditions, including sanuki udon, a type of thick noodle, and katsuo no tataki, a dish of lightly seared bonito fish. Visitors to the island can experience these local customs and traditions firsthand by participating in cultural events and trying local cuisine.
Must-Visit Temples on Shikoku Island
Shikoku Island is home to many important temples and shrines that are revered by locals and visitors alike. The most famous of these is the 88 Temple Pilgrimage, a route that takes pilgrims on a journey across the island to visit each of the 88 temples associated with the Buddhist monk Kukai. Other notable temples include Ryozenji, the first temple on the pilgrimage route, and Ishiteji, a temple famous for its beautiful gardens and architecture.
Hiking in Shikoku: The Shikoku Pilgrimage
One of the most popular activities for visitors to Shikoku is hiking the Shikoku Pilgrimage route. The 1,200-kilometer trail takes hikers through scenic mountain and seaside landscapes, passing by many of the island’s most famous temples and shrines. Hikers can choose to complete the entire pilgrimage or select shorter sections to explore. Regardless of the route, the Shikoku Pilgrimage is a unique and rewarding experience for anyone who loves hiking and nature.
Local Cuisines of Shikoku Island
Shikoku Island is known for its unique and delicious culinary traditions, which incorporate local ingredients and flavors. One of the most famous dishes is sanuki udon, a type of thick noodle that is typically served in a hot broth with various toppings. Another popular dish is katsuo no tataki, a dish of lightly seared bonito fish that is served with soy sauce and garlic. Visitors to the island can also try other local specialties, such as mikan oranges, seafood, and sake.
The Best Accommodations on Shikoku Island
Shikoku Island has a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From traditional ryokans, or Japanese-style inns, to modern hotels and guesthouses, there are many places to stay that offer a comfortable and authentic experience. Visitors can choose to stay in the historic city of Matsuyama, the coastal town of Kochi, or the mountainous regions of Tokushima and Ehime.
Scenic Spots to Visit on Shikoku Island
Shikoku Island is full of stunning natural landscapes and scenic spots that are worth visiting. Some of the most famous include the Naruto Whirlpools, a natural phenomenon caused by tidal currents, and the Iya Valley, a remote and rugged area with breathtaking mountain scenery. Other notable places to visit include the Seto Inland Sea, which is famous for its islands and beaches, and the Matsuyama Castle, a 17th-century fortress that offers panoramic views of the city.
Festivals and Events on Shikoku Island
Shikoku Island is home to many unique festivals and events that celebrate its cultural heritage and traditions. One of the most famous is the Awa Odori, a dance festival that takes place in Tokushima every August. The festival attracts thousands of performers and spectators who come to see the colorful costumes and energetic dance performances. Other notable events include the Yosakoi Festival in Kochi and the Dogo Onsen Festival in Matsuyama.
Conclusion: Why Visit Shikoku Island?
Shikoku Island is a hidden gem in Japan that offers a unique and authentic experience for visitors. From ancient temples and scenic hiking trails to delicious local cuisine and cultural events, there is something for everyone to enjoy on this island. Whether you are a history buff, nature lover, or foodie, Shikoku is a destination that should not be missed.