Once bred to protect flocks of sheep and their herders from wolves and bears, the Caucasian Ovcharka presents itself as a fearless dog with a natural acuity when faced with danger. On the other hand, the character-strong giant shows itself to be an affectionate and well-balanced family member with unshakable self-confidence. You can find out here whether a Caucasian Ovcharka suits you as a new companion and what you should know about keeping it.
History of the “Caucasian Ovcharka”
This impressive breed of dog has its roots in present-day Russia. The large and robust Caucasian Shepherd Dog or Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka is widespread there. The breed was kept in all zones of the former Soviet Union, only in the polar zone, the animals are rarely found. Depending on the region of origin, the physical attributes are slightly different, so the animals bred in the steppe areas are lighter and taller, while the animals from the mountainous areas are heavier and more compact. In terms of character, however, the region plays no role.
The Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka has always been bred to guard and protect. Livestock farming was only possible more than 10,000 years ago because of the outstanding characteristics of archaic dogs. To date, pedigree dogs have a clear understanding of their duties and excellent instincts. In this way, you fearlessly stand up to wolves and bears. They are affectionate and extremely loyal to their owners. The Caucasian Ovcharka becomes dangerous when it senses danger. He is wary of strangers and his natural distrust makes him the perfect guardian and protector.
The Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka was officially recognized by the FCI in 1984. The Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka Club was founded in Germany in 1981 within the VDH.
Essence and Character
If there’s one thing the Caucasian Ovcharka doesn’t lack, it’s confidence. The pedigree dogs are known for being extremely independent and getting along very well on their own. In their homeland, the animals had to protect and guard the herd entrusted to them for days on end, in wind and weather. Accordingly, it is not difficult for representatives of the breed to do without human company. However, this also means that the imposing animals find it difficult to subordinate themselves. Even if you adopt a Caucasian Ovcharka puppy and integrate it into the family from an early age, you will find that the pedigree dogs retain their independence and do not feel the urge to please.
Accordingly, the education of the bundles of strength is a never-ending task. But a Caucasian Ovcharka would protect its owner against any danger with all its strength because if a Caucasian Ovcharka becomes aggressive, attackers have no chance because regardless of the Caucasian Ovcharka and the Caucasian Ovcharka weight, the Caucasian Ovcharka’s biting power is enormous and it has to be like that Don’t be the largest Caucasian Ovcharka to have a fearless protector by your side. Despite his independence and stubbornness, the Caucasian Ovcharka also has a calm and balanced side that he likes to show his owner.
Acquisition of a “Caucasian Ovcharka”
Gaining experience with the Kakasian Ovcharka as a “new dog owner” is not advisable. The breed is really only suitable for experienced dog owners who are not afraid of a real challenge and who can also create a suitable environment for oversized animals. Even experienced dog owners should think twice about purchasing a Caucasian Ovcharka, because the special livestock guardian dog is only partially suitable as a family dog, not least because of the Caucasian Ovcharka’s origin and history. Since keeping the Caucasian shepherd dog is very demanding for the owner, he should seek advice from a breeder in advance, because only if the complete environment really fits and you are willing to invest the time and energy accordingly will the Caucasian Ovcharka not become a danger.
What do I need to pay attention to when purchasing?
Basically, there are only a few breeders of the Caucasian Owtscharka in the German-speaking area. A reputable breeder of the breed will not readily sell puppies of the breed but will deal with the buyer and check carefully whether he is able to do justice to a dog of the demanding breed. Of course, all animals from reputable breeders are veterinary examined and are only delivered vaccinated and dewormed. So that the breeder can come to a decision, he will also ask many questions about their living conditions and also give them the opportunity to get to know the parents. Caucasian Ovcharka breeders who do not force the potential buyer to get to know the puppy are usually not official breeders and caution is advised.
Puppy Development and Training
As fluffy and innocent as Caucasian Ovcharka puppies may appear, they are also a great challenge. In the first few weeks, the cute little ones develop a mind of their own, and mistrust of strangers has an impact even on young animals. With a loving and consistent upbringing, the puppies will grow into loyal dogs.
It is important to start socialization early because only then is it possible to integrate the pedigree dog into the family and give it a clear role, which it also accepts. Even with children within the family, the Caucasian Ovcharka can harmonize if it is under expert guidance and kept in a species-appropriate manner. Despite all socialization and training, representatives of the dominant breed are not compatible with other dogs or cats.
It is important not to encourage the natural protective instinct during training, so training a Schutzhund is counterproductive and an absolute no-go. Companion dog training, on the other hand, can be absolutely recommended, as this makes coexistence between humans and Caucasians more harmonious.