Puggles are sought-after companion dogs in the United States, and they’re becoming increasingly popular here. So far there is no club or European breed standard. Breeders praise the heterosis effect of inbreeding: the dogs are said to be significantly healthier than their purebred ancestors. You can find out what awaits you when you buy such a surprise package in a detailed overview:
The Appearance of the Puggle
Puggles are created from crosses between female Beagles and male Pug dogs. Puggle-to-Puggle mating is allowed by American dog clubs, and backcrosses between Puggles and Beagles or Pugs are also allowed. As with all Designer Dogs, which are crossbred from selected purebred dog breeds, the dogs bring very different characteristics with them.
Identifying features of the puggle
- The head is broad, the ears are set high, and fall limply down in front. Small wrinkles run between the eyes and around the muzzle. The lips also droop slightly to moderately and the nose is slightly shortened, similar to that of healthy boxers.
- The body is strongly muscled and the dogs reach a height at the withers of between 25 and 40 centimeters. The legs are short and straight, in some specimens slightly bent outwards as in the Pug.
- The tail is of medium length and saber-shaped or curled into a rosette. It starts high up and is usually carried high.
- The fur is short and medium-hard. All colors are allowed. Original Puggles (F1 breed of Beagle and Pug) are mostly fawn or chocolate brown with light markings on the belly and chest and dark markings on the face. In F2 litters (Puggle and Puggle) there are also white, black, beige, and other colors as solid base colors, tans, or piebalds (2-color and 3-color).
Differences between Puggle, Pug, and Beagle
Puggles combine the traits of their direct ancestors in unpredictable ways: individual pups more closely resemble a Pug with Beagle features, while others display typical Beagle traits but are colored and muscled like Pugs. Nevertheless, they are easy to distinguish from their relatives: A long and slightly wrinkled face with a flat forehead furrow is typical, similar to a pug with a longer nose. The broad head and the very large floppy ears compared to the Pug give the Puggle its typical appearance.
The Four Puggle Breeding Lines at a Glance
- Mother Beagle and father Pug (F1 Puggle): Tends to be healthier than purebred dogs, but there are many exceptions. Appearance and temperament can vary greatly, the basic color is mostly sand or brown.
- Both parents Puggle (F2 Puggle): All color variations occur, more uniform conformation and characteristic face. The susceptibility to disease is slightly higher here.
- Mother Puggle and father Pug (F1B Puggle): Puggle with a high proportion of typical Pug characteristics (e.g. curly tail, short snout, short ears).
- Puggle mother and Beagle father (F1A Puggle): Puggles with a high proportion of typical Beagle characteristics (e.g. floppy ears, long back, long-tail).
History of the Puggles – Designer Dogs from the USA
Puggles originate from commercial dog breeding in the USA: In the 1980s, the cynologist Wallace Havens crossed numerous popular breeds and developed so many of today’s designer dogs, such as Labradoodles (a hybrid from Labrador and Poodle), Buggs (a hybrid from Boston Terrier and Pug) or Goldendoodle (a hybrid of golden retriever and poodle). Purebred mating has also been done since the turn of the millennium and the Puggle is gaining popularity with canine experts and official breed clubs.
Puggles in Germany
There is no active Puggle Club in Germany and the dogs are not managed as an independent breed according to any European standard. Designer dogs differ from mongrels and other hybrids because both parent dogs must be purebred and are specifically selected for breeding. Nevertheless, it is more or less left to chance which proportions of Beagle and Pug the (F1) Puggle puppies will carry. For various reasons, some breeders have focused exclusively on breeding F1 Puggles, while others only breed “purebred” F2 Puggles.
Since the Puggle looks similar to both the Pug and the Beagle and both breeds suffer from a relatively large number of health problems, the dogs are often used for other Designer Dog matings. Almost any crossbreed between dog breeds is possible, as long as the mother animal belongs to a larger breed than the stud dog (otherwise the risk of a necessary cesarean section increases). Since the turn of the millennium, these unique crossbreeds have enjoyed great popularity, partly because many celebrities keep such designer dogs.
Examples of Popular Puggle Crossbreeds
- A mix of Puggle and Poodle: Petite and small physique, curls and a coat that hardly sheds could occur.
- A mix of Puggle and Pomeranian (Zwergspitz): A friendly face and fine long hair could appear.
Yorkshire Terrier and Puggle Mix: Long hair on ears and tail may occur.
- A mix of English Bulldog and Puggle: A round crumpled face could occur.
- A mix of Maltese and Puggle: Long, fine fur and a friendly face can appear.
Nature of the Puggles: Intelligent Stubborn People with Their Own Character
Puggles are strong-character dogs with very individual characteristics. In the case of hybrid breeds, it is difficult to predict which character traits will be reflected in the genetics. Like humans, a dog’s personality is not only genetically determined but can be influenced by a loving and consistent upbringing. The dogs are considered to be relatively stubborn and need a lot of attention, especially when they are puppies. They are not created for life in a kennel: They only really feel comfortable as a family dog in the house.