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These Plants are Poisonous to Dogs

Indoor, garden and wild plants can be poisonous to dogs. Find out here which plants these are, how to recognize poisoning and what to do if your dog has eaten a poisonous plant.

Dog poisoning can have many causes. One of them is poison bait, which dog owners can hardly do anything to prevent. But the dangers of poisoning in dogs are mostly within their own four walls: If the dog accidentally consumes human medication or certain foods such as chocolate, this can have fatal consequences for the animal. Plants are also a common cause of poisoning in dogs. But it doesn’t matter whether they grow in the house, in the garden or in nature: Dog owners can prevent poisoning by finding out exactly what they are doing, removing poisonous plants from their household and being careful when going for walks.

Symptoms of poisoning in dogs

So that the dog can be helped in the event of poisoning, it is important to recognize the symptoms quickly. Depending on the amount and type of poison, they occur within a few hours – rarely within a few days. According to the Federal Veterinary Association, symptoms of poisoning in dogs can be:

  • heavy salivation
  • Tremble
  • Apathy or intense excitement
  • weakness
  • circulatory problems (collapse with loss of consciousness)
  • Vomit
  • strangle
  • diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • blood in the vomit, feces or urine (in the case of rat poison)
  • Difficulty breathing up to shortness of breath
  • Changes in the pupils and oral mucosa

Poisonous houseplants for dogs

Dog owners should urgently avoid indoor plants that are poisonous to dogs. These include the following plants:

  • agave plants
  • cyclamen
  • amaryllis plants
  • azalea
  • Weeping fig, strangler fig and all other Ficus species
  • bow hemp
  • Star of Christ, Thorn of Christ
  • chrysanthemum
  • Clivie
  • daura
  • Dieffenbachia
  • dragon tree
  • ivy
  • A leaf
  • elephant tree
  • flamingo flower
  • window leaf
  • geranium
  • rubber tree
  • heart leaf
  • oleander
  • Orchids (all kinds)
  • passion flower
  • Philodendron
  • primrose
  • Christmas star

Poisonous garden plants for dogs

Many garden plants are also poisonous to dogs:

  • (Blue) monkshood
  • boxwood
  • wood anemone
  • Dipladenia (Mandevilla)
  • ivy
  • yew
  • angel trumpet
  • thimble
  • honeysuckle
  • laburnum
  • autumn crocus
  • hydrangea
  • cherry laurel
  • crocus
  • lupins
  • lily of the valley
  • oleander
  • delphinium
  • rhododendron
  • hemlock
  • Thuja
  • deadly nightshade
  • tulips
  • juniper
  • Miracle Shrub/Croton
  • desert rose
  • cedar

Poisonous wild plants for dogs

Many plants that are poisonous to dogs also grow in nature. When walking, you should pay attention to the following plants:

  • arum
  • henbane
  • bittersweet
  • buckwheat
  • nightshade
  • yew
  • Spotted hemlock
  • bell henbane
  • laburnum
  • autumn crocus
  • elder
  • dog parsley
  • hyacinths
  • Jacob’s Ragwort
  • lily of the valley
  • Poppy
  • daffodils
  • mushrooms (various)
  • euonymus
  • tansy
  • Giant hogweed/ Hercules perennial
  • opium poppy
  • snowball
  • snowdrop
  • daphne
  • Datura
  • deadly nightshade
  • White Germer
  • Meadow Bear Claw
  • bryony

Caution: This list includes many, but not all, plants that are poisonous to dogs. If you’re getting a plant that you’re not sure is poisonous to your dog, do your research first!

Poisoning in dogs: what to do!

If your dog is showing symptoms of poisoning, or you’ve seen it eat a poisonous plant, don’t hesitate and contact a veterinarian as soon as possible. Because the faster the dog is treated, the more likely it is that it will recover. If you know what plant the dog ate, take it with you to the vet.

First aid for poisoning by plants:

  • convey calm.
  • Lay unconscious dogs flat on their side and turn their heads to allow vomit and saliva to run out of their mouths.
  • Administer charcoal tablet.

The charcoal tablet binds the poison in the dog’s intestines so that it cannot enter the circulatory system. You should always have a charcoal tablet ready and clarify with your vet how much you should give your dog in an emergency.

Caution! What you should not do if you are poisoned:

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  • try to make the dog vomit
  • pour in milk or oil, as this speeds up the absorption of some toxins!

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