His character traits can fluently drift towards stubbornness and stubbornness. The hunting dog with the incessant hunting instinct goes on its way, as long as an experienced dog owner does not put obstacles in its way.
The dachshund recognizes weaknesses in leadership and knows how to use them to his advantage. With the same devotion with which the lively little fellow offers himself to children as a playmate, he goes his own way if the benefit seems big enough to him. Extensive walks, games, and mental challenges as well as hours of cuddling and digging in your own garden effectively prevent too much rebelliousness.
The patient, consistent and strong-nerved two-legged friend knows how to correctly interpret the dachshund look, both in its variant that promises to suffer and in the innocent variety. A short, clear announcement that the dachshund can understand is required to set the right course. A dog that takes on dangerous robbers underground will not let their fellow dogs, no matter how big, or gullible people buy their guts. A dachshund stoically walks past the fourth dog during the morning round, it hits the fifth!
However, the “dachshund capital of the world” is still in Germany, in the village of Gergweis, where there are two dachshunds for every inhabitant, and the animals are even rented out to tourists for walks by the hour. Dachshunds are easy to keep, playful housemates who are characterized by temperament, courage, and intelligence, and are also alert enough to serve as guard dogs.
Their devotion to their own family is boundless, but the hunting instinct is still very strong. Although he has a very good sense of smell, his temperament is more like a terrier than a scent hound. Nothing makes him happier than sticking his nose in the ground and tracking down rabbits, foxes, and most of all, badgers.
He has a lot of fun digging up a flower bed to track down and catch voles or a mole, for example. The captured animal is then proudly presented to its owner. However, such escapades are far outweighed by their good-natured nature and ability to please.
- long-haired dachshund
- short-haired dachshund
- wire-haired dachshund
- miniature wire-haired dachshund
…and other names give an impression of the diversity of the dogs that the FCI has summarized under the standard number 148.
If the breeders and hunters talk about the dachshund or if the short and pet form of the dachshund is commonly used, they are talking about the dachshund.
The FCI, on the other hand, distinguishes between two smaller versions, the miniature dachshund with a maximum chest circumference of 35 cm and the rabbit dachshund, which was created from a cross between a pinscher and terrier with the lightest and smallest dachshund and may have a maximum chest circumference of 30 cm. There are three breeds of dachshunds in terms of fur:
- Short-Haired Dachshund: The coat is short and dense, the skin is elastic and loose, and rough hair is found on the underside of the tail.
- Long-Haired Dachshund: The coat is close-lying and soft and straight or slightly wavy. It is heavily feathered behind the legs.
- Wire-Haired Dachshund: The coat is straight, short, and rough except on the eyebrows, ears, chin, and jaw. He is also characterized by a beard, bushy eyebrows, thick undercoat, and a clear elevation above the eyes.
With the names rabbit teckel (the smallest), miniature teckel, and teckel (the largest), the connoisseur can already identify the chest circumference and the weight class of the dachshund. The shoulder height is of less interest, the majority of dachshunds is around 20 to 30 centimeters. Much more important for the work of the hunting assistant is his chest circumference.
While the teckel, the largest dachshund, with a circumference of 35 centimeters has enough scope for hunting badgers and foxes underground, the rabbit hunter has to rummage through narrower corridors. Its chest circumference is 30 centimeters, the miniature dachshund moves in between. The upper weight limits are increasing at around five, seven, and nine kilograms.
But be careful, the dachshund look has not only found its way into German usage, but the dachshund owner also succumbs to this look technique from time to time when allocating the appropriate feed ration.
The terms short-haired, rough-haired, and long-haired provide information about the length of the dachshund fur. On the popularity scale in Germany, the wire-haired dachshund is far ahead of the other dachshund subspecies. Even in the 1960s, the long-haired dachshund was the measure of all dachshunds.
Although many believe the dachshund to be a purely German breed, with remains having been unearthed at many Roman settlements in Germany, short-legged, long-bodied dogs have been depicted on murals in ancient Egyptian temples, and plaster and stone casts of dachshund-like dogs have been found in Peru, Mexico, Greece, and China.
In Germany, short-barreled hunting dogs have been companions of hunters since the Middle Ages. Their origins are believed to be dwarf mutations, similar to basset hounds, from larger hounds. In principle, the dachshund is a short-legged variety of scenthound, but it also had the disposition to track down game, with possible crossbreeding of various terriers, schnauzers, and/or spaniels in order to achieve the desired coat, long or wiry.
What they all have in common is worldwide popularity, they live in large numbers in Europe and Japan.