The Bolognese is a small Italian dog breed that owes its name to the city of Bologna. Because in this beautiful city of Italy he was mostly at home. The cheerful dwarf inspires young and old in families or with singles. You can find out more about the Bolognese dog breed in the following portrait.
History of the Bolognese
The Bolognese looks back to ancient ancestors before the birth of Christ, which the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384 – 322 BC) reported on. Aristotle called the small dogs ″canes melitensis″, which translated mean ″Maltese dogs″. Therefore, a close relationship with the very similar-looking Maltese is obvious. The four-legged friend most likely came to Italy with Balearic sailors and first spread there and in France in the 15th and 16th centuries before becoming at home in other countries.
Above all, nobles, kings, and emperors throughout the ages enjoyed the company of the Bolognese. In ancient Rome, lap dogs served as luxury gifts for nobles. Famous Bolognese owners throughout history include the French King Henry III. and King Philip II of Spain in the 16th century, Empress of Russia Catherine the Great, and Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in the 18th century. In the 16th century, the name ″Bichon″ was coined, which goes back to the French word ″bichonner″ to German ″to pamper″. This is true of what the rich did with the little four-legged friend at that time.
The Bolognese has been an FCI-recognized Italian dog breed since 1956. He is listed under standard number 196, FCI Group 9 ″Company and Companion Dogs″, Section 1 ″Bichons and Related Breeds″, 1.1 ″Bichons″.
The Appearance of the Bolognese
The fluffy little guy is often compared to a cotton ball or a snowball. An adult Bolognese measures just 25 to 30 centimeters and weighs a maximum of 4 kg. Its long, fluffy coat, described as ‘flaking’, is always pure white with no spots or marks. It covers the entire, slightly square body, which is supported by short little legs. He is adorned with long hanging ears and a high-set tail, which he carries in a bow over his back. The Bolognese has a black snout and round, deep black button eyes with black lid rims. With his heart-rending look, the little Italian understands very well how to dissuade his mistress or master from their consistent upbringing.
Essence and Character
The Bolognese character is characterized by calm and affection. He is very frugal and does not demand excessive activity or too much exercise. The fluffy, loyal dwarf is just happy when he can accompany his owners as often as possible. ″Freedom″ when walking is not a problem, because a hunting instinct is foreign to the Bolognese.
He likes to be petted and likes to play, which is why he is also very suitable for families with children. The well-balanced Bolognese also gets along with other conspecifics and other pets, so that his home can accommodate several animals. Since the little fur nose is quite intelligent and docile, you can easily practice one or the other trick with her. He is also good as a mini watchdog. With a “low voice” (perhaps to cover up his small size), he reliably announces what he is not comfortable with. However, he is not barked. He is reserved towards strangers and barks at them, but by no means aggressively.
Purchase a Bolognese
Is the Bolognese the right four-legged friend for me?
The satisfied little fellow is suitable for dog beginners as well as professionals. He is also the ideal dog for animal lovers who don’t have that much time and for seniors who are less able to walk. Because the lapdog is even satisfied with short walks. He is happy with families with children, with singles, with old and young.
If you want to buy a purebred Bolognese, you will pay between 1200 and 1600 euros for a puppy. In addition, there are costs for, for example, his food, dog equipment, and vaccination costs.
What do I need to pay attention to when purchasing?
You should only buy a puppy from a reputable Bolognese breeder who is registered in a breed club. A good breeder can show breeding papers and a vaccination card with all the usual vaccinations. His little fur noses should be dewormed and chipped several times. It is also important that only healthy parent animals, above all free of patellar luxation, were used for breeding. A good breeder will also make sure that their Bolognese puppies are in good hands and will therefore ask you many questions. In any case, you should be allowed to visit the puppies before you buy them so that you can see if they grew up in a good home.
In any case, you should keep your hands off puppies that are offered too cheaply and that may also be placed without papers. These alleged breeders are only concerned with maximizing profits at the expense of the health of the animals.