Spitz dogs like the Kleinspitz have a long tradition in Central Europe. They come in very different sizes here and in much of the world. German Spitz is closely related to the Terrier, Schnauzer, and Pinscher. The current form of the Kleinspitz, an FCI-recognized German dog breed, is known as the Mannheimer Spitz. Like Karl Freiherr von Drais’s first two-wheeler, the breeding area is related to the Upper Rhine center of Mannheim.
The rather square body with the short legs, the closely set ears, and the bushy tail curled to the side or upwards make up the typical appearance of the Spitz. The mane on the collar of the 23 to 29-centimeter spitz dog is conspicuously visible. Its size lies between the Pomeranian and the Mittelspitz. Due to a strong proportion of undercoats, its fur stands out and the dog is certainly not only assessed on its actual weight of 3.5 to 4.5 kilograms.
The long topcoat with the lush undercoat protects it from moisture to a large extent. The head of the Pomeranian has clear features of the fox. The classic coat colors are black, brown, white, and orange. In addition to these pure colors, representatives of other colors and spotted with a white base color are also bred today. Gray-toned and cream coats are introduced, as are cream-black and orange-black coats.
The coat is easy to groom, as long as this is done regularly, and has some self-cleaning protection. Depending on the season, it is sufficient to brush out the coat thoroughly and at the same time with care twice a week.
A sense of proportion is required with regard to the protective undercoat, which should not be overworked. Dirt and mud can be easily rinsed off the topcoat with clear water. The FCI breed standard in the use classification guard and companion dog makes it clear that the small dog should not be underestimated.
Alert, smart and tireless, he performs tasks on the farm and in the house. The Pomeranian strikes quickly and is suspicious of strangers. He calms down just as quickly and plays with the cuddly dog. Any prejudices that the Kleinspitz is a barker are unfounded. When a Pomeranian barks, there is always a legitimate reason – targeted training does the rest. The family dog, guard dog, and companion in one – no feat for a dog that cuts a fine figure even as a circus dog.
With this circus aptitude, employment in the context of agility or dog sports is a sure-fire success. He also enjoys playing with the ball and learning little tricks – only his size must not be lost sight of. The lightweight feels most comfortable among its own kind; dogs that are too big can sometimes overwhelm him.
The cheerful nature of the dog and its contagious zest for life make the Pomeranian a perfect companion for older people. Provided that the active four-legged friend is spared an existence exclusively as a lap dog and he gets the exercise he is entitled to.
Their attachment to his family and his very child-friendly nature characterizes the peaceful and social dog. Responsible children quickly find access to the Kleinspitz; in large families, on the other hand, it must be ensured that he “does not get under the wheels”. Being fixated on a Lord can cause stress for long periods of time.
The Pomeranian would much rather show its joy of learning and curiosity – easy to handle, uncomplicated, and without hunting instinct. The Pomeranian thanks early training, socialization, and imaginative employment with agility, loyalty, and docility.