Phaléne and Papillon, the two French names stand for a moth and a butterfly. Commonly known as the moth, the moth is not held in the same regard as a colorful butterfly. The Phalène and Papillon varieties of the Continental Toy Spaniel, the FCI dog breed with the standard number 77, are different.
Characteristics of Phaléne
Although the Phalène is less common, they are in no way inferior to each other when it comes to the enthusiasm of their dog owners. If the winged animal species mentioned are clearly distinguishable from one another, the four-legged animals are somewhat less conspicuous.
It’s the ears that make the difference. Papillons prick up their ears, while those of the phalènes point downwards. The lop-eared type can look back on a long history. Descriptions of toy spaniels date back to the 12th century.
Especially European noble houses offer the small dogs a home. The four-legged friends experience the ups and downs of life very sustainably. As early as the 14th century, paintings by famous masters show Phaléne in her wealthy surroundings. Back then with hanging ears. From about 1750 the prick ears can be discovered for the first time. The French Revolution changes everything.
The privileges of entire social classes fall to her, as do the majority of luxury dogs. Lovers and breeders from France and Belgium succeed in re-establishing the breed. A first breed standard dates from 1905. With a weighing capacity of two to five kilograms, a good kitchen scale is sufficient for determining the weight of the small dog breed. The shoulder height is also manageable at up to 28 centimeters.
However, the Phalène is not overlooked. His long and silky fur shows the basic color white. Chestnut, reddish-brown, brown, or black markings on the head and body give it its typical appearance. A white blaze ideally divides the predominant marking color on the head around the almond-shaped and engaging eyes. The shiny coat is easy to care for thanks to the lack of an undercoat and hardly takes on dirt. Brushing and combing it every other, third day keeps it healthy and in shape.
The Phalène is no friend of mud puddles and comparable sources of dirt. Nevertheless, it is a robust four-legged friend that comes in handy for longer walks. His two-legged companion can enhance these with snags and stick inserts. This also applies to letting off steam off the leash. However, the moth puppy’s passion for hunting can spoil the fun together.
A Phalène is always ready to play. The Phaléne sensitively registers when this request is inappropriate. The moods within his family do not remain hidden from him. If a calmer gait is indicated, this is reflected in his behavior. In return, the cuddling and spirited interludes can be revived at any time. Children who are considerate enough to romp around with their little four-legged friend are welcome.
The Frenchman gets along well with other pets in his immediate vicinity. Living out of his temperament, his liveliness and vigilance regularly penetrate human ears. It doesn’t mean the Phalène has to be a barker. The sooner the breeder, and later the dog owner, bring the world and its diversity closer to the little one, the fewer unknown things have to be commented on loudly. Knowing and applying the basics of dog training enables Phalènes to be accepted well into the human community.
With love and caring, the novice goes far with his kind and intelligent companion. The family connection is important for the animal. It is of secondary importance whether the coexistence takes place in the country or in a city apartment. The comparatively small size of the dog proves to be an advantage. Even in small apartments, keeping it is not a problem. In addition, you can easily take it with you when you are not at home. A circumstance that suits Phalène very much, because he doesn’t have to stay behind alone.